Greenland takes part in climate-related activities in the Arctic Council. In particular, the country has been involved in parts of the coordinating work on climate through the working group Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) and has contributed to the development of the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment – ACIA – as well as to the report, Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic – SWIPA. The Greenlandic Government also participates in a number of other working groups of which some touch upon climate change in their work. You can read more about the two assessments here:
Arctic Climate Impact Assessment – ACIA – was published in 2005 and was the first large, integrated assessment of how climate change is affecting the arctic region. The aim of the assessment was to gather existing knowledge in the field from a broad spectre of disciplines with the intention of producing a number of policy recommendations for the arctic countries. The report included research from the fields of environmental, health and social sciences. It concluded that climate change and its effects will be felt more in the Arctic than in many other places in the world. You can read more about the background and the main conclusions of the assessment here. Many of the conclusions have proven true, but the speed of change has been faster than expected and has surprised many researchers. These insights cleared the road for the next large report by the Arctic Council:
Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic – SWIPA – was put together in the period from 2008 to 2011 by the AMAP working group in collaboration with leading research institutions from all over the world and with representatives from the arctic indigenous peoples. In extension of the ACIA, the report considers how a changing climate is likely to affect socioeconomic and environmental conditions in the Arctic. You can watch three short videos, which summarise some of the main conclusions from the SWIPA report here. One of the videos is concerned with the effects of climate change on the Greenland Ice Sheet and on how a changing climate is expected to affect Greenlandic society. You can read more about the report itself here.