In 2012, Greenland and Denmark signed an agreement to strengthen cooperation in the Realm during the international climate negotiations that form part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The agreement is based on the Act on Greenland Self-Government from 2009 and strengthens Greenland’s ability to play an active role in the negotiations. The cooperation agreement is the first example of §13 in the Act on Self-Government being used. This stipulation allows for the establishment of cooperation agreements covering multilateral negotiations that are concerned with international legal agreements that are of particular importance to Greenland.
Greenland has taken over full responsibility from Denmark with regards to climate policy, but as international climate negotiations are considered a matter of foreign policy, they are handled by Denmark in collaboration with Naalakkersuisut, the Greenlandic government. The cooperation agreement from 2012 ensures consultation and inclusion during such negotiations, full access to information with special significance for Greenland as well as promotion and awareness of Greenland’s interests during the negotiations.
Greenland participates in the processes that determine the European Union’s (EU’s) common negotiating position. This is important, as Denmark negotiates as part of the European delegation and because the EU speaks with one voice. The agreement further states that Greenland is not obliged to agree with EU’s position once this has been established.
You can read the Greenland Act on Self-Government here.